建更平等更均衡新型全球发展伙伴关系Build equaler more balanced and new-style whole world to develop companionate relationship建更平等更均衡新型全球發展夥伴關系

  据新华社电  国家主席胡锦涛12日在美国夏威夷州首府檀香山出席亚太经合组织工商领导人峰会,并发表题为《携手并进共创未来》的演讲。

  胡锦涛指出,当前,世界经济形势值得高度关注,一些主要经济体增速下滑,一些国家主权债务问题突出,国际金融市场动荡不已,新兴市场国家通胀压力加大,各种形式的保护主义明显增多,世界经济复苏的不稳定性不确定性上升。      全球经济治理出现新变革,但仍难以适应世界经济格局变化。世界经济结构调整取得新进展,但仍未满足转变经济发展方式的迫切要求。科技创新孕育新突破,但仍未形成强有力的新的经济增长点。

  胡锦涛指出,本次峰会以“重新定义未来”为主题,有利于深刻认识世界和地区形势新变化新特点,准确把握未来一段时间世界经济和区域合作发展方向,探讨解决工商界关心的问题。

  胡锦涛强调,当前形势下,我们必须坚定不移保增长、促稳定,尤其是要努力实现强劲增长,为亚太地区和世界经济发展增添动力。

  第一,完善全球经济治理机制,建立更加平等、更加均衡的新型全球发展伙伴关系。新兴市场国家和发展中国家在世界经济中的分量不断增加,在全球经济治理中的作用日益显现。新的全球经济治理机制应该反映世界经济格局变化,遵循相互尊重、集体决策原则,增加新兴市场国家和发展中国家的代表性和发言权。要促进发达国家和发展中国家相互理解、相互协调,发达国家应该承担起在国际经济治理中的责任和义务,在发展问题上采取更多实际行动,新兴市场国家和发展中国家应该立足自身国情、发展阶段和水平,承担力所能及的国际责任,共同推动世界经济平衡、包容、可持续、创新、安全增长。

  第二,落实《亚太经合组织领导人增长战略》,实现绿色增长和创新增长。去年横滨会议通过的增长战略指明了今后一个时期亚太地区经济发展方向,其中绿色增长和创新增长是核心内容。我们应该大力倡导绿色发展理念,尊重各成员根据其资源禀赋、发展阶段、能力水平等具体情况自主选择绿色增长道路。要加强环境技术传播和合作,帮助发展中成员发展环境产业,避免产生新的绿色贸易壁垒,努力实现环境、贸易、发展共赢。要加强科技创新领域国际合作,帮助各成员提高科技创新能力、实施科技创新和产业改造、推动科技成果产业化,推动世界经济发展更多依靠科技创新驱动,努力让科技创新成果更多惠及各国人民。

  第三,维护多边贸易体制,深化区域经济一体化。多边贸易体制担负着协调各国贸易政策、平衡国际贸易关系、减少贸易摩擦、促进世界经济发展的重任,在应对国际金融危机、反对保护主义等方面发挥了重要作用。我们应该切实履行已经作出的承诺,坚决反对和共同抵制各种形式的保护主义,推动建立均衡、普惠、共赢的多边贸易体制,继续积极推动多哈回合谈判,争取今年在对最不发达国家产品提供“免关税、免配额”议题上首先达成早期收获协议。中国已经宣布对同中国建交的最不发达国家97%的税目的产品给予零关税待遇。同时,要积极推动区域、次区域经济合作和自由贸易区建设,在不同层次和不同范围、以多种途径和方法推动区域经济一体化更好更快发展。中方支持以东亚自由贸易区、东亚全面经济伙伴关系、跨太平洋战略经济伙伴协定等为基础稳步推进亚太自由贸易区建设,实现亚太区域经济一体化目标。

  第四,加强公共和私营部门合作,共同推动世界经济发展和经贸合作。工商界是亚太经济发展的主力军和国际经贸发展的重要推动力量,在引领亚太地区经济复苏、促进世界经济增长方面发挥着重要作用。政府部门应该更加重视工商界在经济发展中的作用,倾听工商界意见和建议,发挥工商界参与经济发展和区域合作的积极性和主动性。希望工商界继续提出战略性和前瞻性建议,就进一步推动贸易和投资自由化便利化、深化区域经济一体化、亚太经合组织长远发展等重大问题建言献策。同时,充分利用亚太经合组织各层次各领域机制和平台,交流信息,拓展商机,深化合作,实现共赢。

  胡锦涛指出,经过改革开放30多年的努力,中国经济实力不断增强,国内生产总值大幅提升,对外开放水平迈上新台阶。同时,中国发展中不平衡、不协调、不可持续问题依然突出,经济增长的资源环境约束强化,科技创新能力不强,产业结构不合理,城乡、区域发展不协调,制约经济社会发展的体制机制障碍仍然较多。

  今年初,中国制定了国民经济和社会发展第十二个五年规划纲要,描绘了中国未来发展蓝图。我们将坚持以科学发展为主题、以加快转变经济发展方式为主线,深化改革开放,着力保障和改善民生,促进经济长期平稳较快发展和社会和谐稳定。为此,中国将着重在以下几个方面作出努力。

  深化经济体制改革,改善商业投资环境。中国将按照转变职能、理顺关系、优化结构、提高效能的要求,加快建设法治政府和服务型政府,深化行政审批制度改革,减少政府对微观经济活动的干预,健全制约和监督机制,推动政府服务朝着更加规范有序、高效便民、公开透明的方向发展。中国将加强自身投资环境建设,继续优化公共服务和管理,不断完善市场体系,为国内外投资者提供公平、稳定、透明的投资环境。

  大力发展绿色经济,提高生态文明水平。中国坚持绿色、低碳发展理念,以节能减排为重点,增强可持续发展和应对气候变化能力,提高生态文明水平。预计“十二五”时期,中国环保产业将继续快速增长。2015年环保产业总产值有望超过2万亿元人民币。2011年至2015年,中国环保投资将达3.1万亿元人民币,较过去5年翻一番。中国将绿色产业和节能环保产业作为吸收和利用外资的重点领域,旺盛的绿色需求和优良的投资环境将为各国尤其是本地区企业提供广阔市场和巨大投资机遇。

  加强知识产权保护,推进创新型国家建设。中国高度重视知识产权保护,制定并实施国家知识产权战略,建立并不断完善知识产权法律体系,加大知识产权执法力度、司法保护力度。中国将以知识产权保护为基础,以自主创新、重点跨越为核心,大力提高科技创新能力,加快建立以企业为主体的技术创新体系。中国将积极推进创新型国家建设,引进海外高层次创新人才,努力实现从中国制造向中国创造的转变。

  提高对外开放水平,积极参与全球经济治理和区域合作。中国将在更大范围、更广领域、更高层次上推进对外开放,实行更加积极主动的开放战略,以开放促发展、促改革、促创新,继续履行所作承诺和应尽义务。中国将坚持进口和出口并重,在稳定出口的同时更加注重扩大进口,坚持吸收外资和对外投资并重,在稳定和扩大吸收外资规模的同时更加注重中国企业到海外投资。中国将推动国际经济体系改革,促进国际经济秩序朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。中国将加强同主要经济体宏观经济政策协调,在国际经济金融组织中发挥更大作用。中国将加快实施自由贸易区战略,加强同主要贸易伙伴的经济联系,深化同其他新兴市场国家和发展中国家的务实合作。

下面是余福泰翻译所得
According to report of Xinhua News Agency National chairman Hu Jintao attends Asia-Pacific 12 days to be versed in via joining an organization the peak meets business leader in Honolulu of metropolis of American Hawaiian city, intercurrent watch problem is ” keep abreast of hand in hand start tomorrow in all ” speech.

Hu Jintao points out, current, world economic situation is worth to pay close attention to highly, system of a few main economy is added fast glide, problem of debt of a few state sovereignty is outstanding, international money market is turbulent unceasingly, pressure of inflation of rising market country is increased, multiform protectionism is apparent grow in quantity, the instability uncertainty that world economy anabiosises rises. Global economy processing appears new change, but still get used to change of world economy structure hard. World economy structural adjustment gains new headway, but the pressing requirement that still did not satisfy change economy to develop way. New breakthrough of be pregnant with of innovation of science and technology, but still did not form strong new economy point of growth.

Hu Jintao points out, this second peak is met with ” redefine future ” for the theme, be helpful for knowing new characteristic of new change of the world and area terrain deeply, accurate hold future for some time world economy and direction of area collaboration development, discuss the problem that solves business circles care.

Hu Jintao emphasizes, below current condition, we must adamantine maintain stability of growth, hurried, want hard to achieve driving growth especially, increase power for Asia-Pacific area and world economy progress.

The first, economy of perfect whole world administers a mechanism, build more more equal, balanced new-style whole world to develop companionate relationship. The heft in world economy adds rising market country and developing country ceaselessly, the action in global economy processing is shown increasingly. New global economy administers a mechanism to should reflect change of world economy structure, follow collective and mutual respect, decision-making principle, those who add rising market country and developing country is representative with right to speak. Should promote developed country and developing country mutual and mutual understanding, harmonious, the developed country should assume the responsibility in rising to be administered in international economy and obligation, more and real action is taken on development problem, rising market country and developing country should phase of national condition of oneself of base oneself upon, development and level, assume the international responsibility of in one’s power, drive world economic balance jointly, include, can last, innovation, safe growth.

The 2nd, fulfil ” Asia-Pacific grows the strategy via joining constituent leader ” , achieve green growth and innovation growth. The growth strategy that yokohama conference adopted last year points to palpability economy of region of Asia-Pacific of a period will grow way henceforth, green grows and innovate among them growth is core content. We should advocate green to develop a concept energetically, respect each member basis the particular case such as level of phase of its resource gift, development, ability chooses green to grow way independently. Want beaded finish condition to the technology travels and cooperate, the member in helping development develops environmental property, avoid to produce new green trade barrier, realize win-win of environment, commerce, development hard. Want to strengthen cooperation of international of domain of innovation of science and technology, help each member raise innovation of ability of innovation of science and technology, executive science and technology and industry to transform, drive industrialization of achievement of science and technology, drive world economy to develop more to rely on drive of innovation of science and technology, make achievement of innovation of science and technology more hard benefit and each country people.

The 3rd, maintain multilateral trade system, deepen area economic integration. Multilateral trade system of organization is loading policy of trade of harmonious each country, balance the international trade relation, heavy responsibility that reduces progress of economy of trade friction, stimulative world, in answer international finance it is the crisis, important to objected the respect such as protectionism developing action. We should be cogent fulfil the commitment that has made, object stoutly and boycott multiform protectionism jointly, promote the multilateral trade system that builds balanced, Pu Hui, win-win, continue to urge negotiation of many haing bout actively, strive for be opposite this year least of all developed country product is offerred ” avoid custom duty, escape quota ” inchoate results agreement is reached above all on the topic for discussion. China has announced to establish diplomatic relations to be the same as China least of all the product of the tax items of 97% gives the developed country 0 tariff treatment. In the meantime, want to urge collaboration of economy of area, second region and free-trade area construction actively, mix in disparate arrangement of ideas it is distinct range, better to drive area economic integration with a variety of ways and method rapidder development. Just support in with East Asia free-trade area, East Asia overall economy associate concerns, cross associate of economy of Pacific Ocean strategy to advance Asia-Pacific free-trade area the agreement to build steadily for the foundation, achieve goal of Asia-Pacific area economic integration.

The 4th, strengthen public republic private sector to cooperate, promote world economy progress and classics trade cooperation jointly. The main force that business circles is Asia-Pacific economy progress and the main impetus that international classics trade develops are measured, in lead Asia-Pacific region economy to anabiosis, respect of growth of stimulative world economy is producing main effect. The government sector should take business circles seriously to be in more economic developing action, listen attentively to business circles opinion and proposal, play business circles participates in economic progress and the enthusiasm that area cooperates and initiative. Hope business circles continues to put forward strategical proposal of sex of the look up before mixing, drive commerce and investment to liberalize further advantage is changed, deepen area economic integration, Asia-Pacific to organize the major problem such as long-term development to build character to make suggestions via closing. In the meantime, make full use of Asia-Pacific organizes each administrative levels via closing each domain mechanism and platform, exchange information, extend business chance, deepen collaboration, realize win-win.

Hu Jintao points out, through reforming and opening 30 old effort, chinese economy actual strength increases ceaselessly, gross domestic product promotes considerably, open to the outside world the level strides new chance to extricateoneself from an awkward position. In the meantime, in Chinese development not lopsided, harmonious, cannot last the problem still is highlighted, the resources environment that economy grows restrains aggrandizement, capability of innovation of science and technology is not strong, industrial structure is unreasonable, development of urban and rural, area is not harmonious, the system mechanism obstacle that restricts economic society progress is more still.

At the beginning of this year, china made national economy and social progress dozenth a compendium of 5 years of programs, depicted Chinese future to develop blue print. We will insist to give priority to a problem with developing scientificly, give priority to a line in order to mend way of change economy progress, deepen reforming and opening, exert oneself is ensured and improve the people’s livelihood, long-term and stable rapidder development and social harmony stabilize stimulative economy. For this, china will be emphasized in the following respects to be made hard.

Deepen economic system reform, improve commercial investment climate. Chinese general according to change function, straighten a relation, optimize the structure, requirement that improves efficiency, accelerate construction law government and service government, deepen administration to examine and approve system reform, reduce the governmental intervention to microcosmic economy activity, be restricted soundly and supervise a mechanism, drive a government to serve forward more normative and orderly, efficient civilian, open and transparent way develops. China will strengthen construction of oneself investment climate, continue to optimize public service and management, perfect market system ceaselessly, provide fair, stable, transparent investment climate for domestic and international investor.

Expand green economy energetically, raise zoology civilization level. China holds to green, low carbon to develop a concept, with energy-saving decrease a platoon to attach most importance to a dot, increase to be able to develop continuously and answer climate change ability, raise zoology civilization level. Predict ” 925 ” period, industry of Chinese environmental protection will continue to grow quickly. Hopeful of total production value of environmental protection property exceeded 2 trillion yuan of RMBs 2015. Came 2011 2015, investment of Chinese environmental protection will amount to 3.1 trillion yuan of RMBs, relatively broke up 5 years one time in the past. China regards the key that absorb and uses foreign capital as the domain green industry and industry of energy-saving environmental protection, exuberant green demand and admirable investment climate will be each country especially our region enterprise offers broad market and huge investment opportunity.

Strengthen intellectual property protection, advance innovation country to build. Chinese height takes intellectual property protection seriously, make and implement strategy of national intellectual property, build and perfect intellectual property jurisprudence ceaselessly, increase intellectual property to execute the law strength, judicatory protection strength. China will be a foundation with intellectual property protection, span with own innovation, key for core, increase capacity of innovation of science and technology energetically, accelerate build the technical innovation system that gives priority to body with the enterprise. China will advance innovation country actively to build, introduce talent of innovation of abroad high administrative levels, come true to make the change that creates to China from China hard.

Rise open to the outside world level, take an active part in global economy processing and area collaboration. China will be on bigger range, wider field, higher administrative levels advance open to the outside world, implement more active and active open strategy, innovate in order to open reform of hurried development, hurried, hurried, continue to fulfill place to make acceptance and should do one’s duty. China will hold to entrance and exit to pay equal attention to, pay attention to more while stability is exported enlarge an entrance, insist to absorb foreign capital and invest external pay equal attention to, mix in stability expand absorb foreign capital dimensions while pay attention to Chinese enterprise to arrive more overseas investment. China will promote reform of international economic system, order of stimulative international economy forward more just and logical way develops. China will be strengthened with main economy system macroscopical economic policy is coordinated, bigger effect is produced in organization of international economy banking. China will accelerate strategy of executive free-trade area, strengthen the economic connection that is the same as main commerce associate, deepen the collaboration of deal with concrete matters relating to work that is the same as country of other and rising market and developing country.
下面是陳雅琳翻译所得
  據新華社電  國傢主席胡錦濤12日在美國夏威夷州首府檀香山出席亞太經合組織工商領導人峰會,並發表題為《攜手並進共創未來》的演講。

  胡錦濤指出,當前,世界經濟形勢值得高度關註,一些主要經濟體增速下滑,一些國傢主權債務問題突出,國際金融市場動蕩不已,新興市場國傢通脹壓力加大,各種形式的保護主義明顯增多,世界經濟復蘇的不穩定性不確定性上升。      全球經濟治理出現新變革,但仍難以適應世界經濟格局變化。世界經濟結構調整取得新進展,但仍未滿足轉變經濟發展方式的迫切要求。科技創新孕育新突破,但仍未形成強有力的新的經濟增長點。

  胡錦濤指出,本次峰會以“重新定義未來”為主題,有利於深刻認識世界和地區形勢新變化新特點,準確把握未來一段時間世界經濟和區域合作發展方向,探討解決工商界關心的問題。

  胡錦濤強調,當前形勢下,我們必須堅定不移保增長、促穩定,尤其是要努力實現強勁增長,為亞太地區和世界經濟發展增添動力。

  第一,完善全球經濟治理機制,建立更加平等、更加均衡的新型全球發展夥伴關系。新興市場國傢和發展中國傢在世界經濟中的分量不斷增加,在全球經濟治理中的作用日益顯現。新的全球經濟治理機制應該反映世界經濟格局變化,遵循相互尊重、集體決策原則,增加新興市場國傢和發展中國傢的代表性和發言權。要促進發達國傢和發展中國傢相互理解、相互協調,發達國傢應該承擔起在國際經濟治理中的責任和義務,在發展問題上采取更多實際行動,新興市場國傢和發展中國傢應該立足自身國情、發展階段和水平,承擔力所能及的國際責任,共同推動世界經濟平衡、包容、可持續、創新、安全增長。

  第二,落實《亞太經合組織領導人增長戰略》,實現綠色增長和創新增長。去年橫濱會議通過的增長戰略指明瞭今後一個時期亞太地區經濟發展方向,其中綠色增長和創新增長是核心內容。我們應該大力倡導綠色發展理念,尊重各成員根據其資源稟賦、發展階段、能力水平等具體情況自主選擇綠色增長道路。要加強環境技術傳播和合作,幫助發展中成員發展環境產業,避免產生新的綠色貿易壁壘,努力實現環境、貿易、發展共贏。要加強科技創新領域國際合作,幫助各成員提高科技創新能力、實施科技創新和產業改造、推動科技成果產業化,推動世界經濟發展更多依靠科技創新驅動,努力讓科技創新成果更多惠及各國人民。

  第三,維護多邊貿易體制,深化區域經濟一體化。多邊貿易體制擔負著協調各國貿易政策、平衡國際貿易關系、減少貿易摩擦、促進世界經濟發展的重任,在應對國際金融危機、反對保護主義等方面發揮瞭重要作用。我們應該切實履行已經作出的承諾,堅決反對和共同抵制各種形式的保護主義,推動建立均衡、普惠、共贏的多邊貿易體制,繼續積極推動多哈回合談判,爭取今年在對最不發達國傢產品提供“免關稅、免配額”議題上首先達成早期收獲協議。中國已經宣佈對同中國建交的最不發達國傢97%的稅目的產品給予零關稅待遇。同時,要積極推動區域、次區域經濟合作和自由貿易區建設,在不同層次和不同范圍、以多種途徑和方法推動區域經濟一體化更好更快發展。中方支持以東亞自由貿易區、東亞全面經濟夥伴關系、跨太平洋戰略經濟夥伴協定等為基礎穩步推進亞太自由貿易區建設,實現亞太區域經濟一體化目標。

  第四,加強公共和私營部門合作,共同推動世界經濟發展和經貿合作。工商界是亞太經濟發展的主力軍和國際經貿發展的重要推動力量,在引領亞太地區經濟復蘇、促進世界經濟增長方面發揮著重要作用。政府部門應該更加重視工商界在經濟發展中的作用,傾聽工商界意見和建議,發揮工商界參與經濟發展和區域合作的積極性和主動性。希望工商界繼續提出戰略性和前瞻性建議,就進一步推動貿易和投資自由化便利化、深化區域經濟一體化、亞太經合組織長遠發展等重大問題建言獻策。同時,充分利用亞太經合組織各層次各領域機制和平臺,交流信息,拓展商機,深化合作,實現共贏。

  胡錦濤指出,經過改革開放30多年的努力,中國經濟實力不斷增強,國內生產總值大幅提升,對外開放水平邁上新臺階。同時,中國發展中不平衡、不協調、不可持續問題依然突出,經濟增長的資源環境約束強化,科技創新能力不強,產業結構不合理,城鄉、區域發展不協調,制約經濟社會發展的體制機制障礙仍然較多。

  今年初,中國制定瞭國民經濟和社會發展第十二個五年規劃綱要,描繪瞭中國未來發展藍圖。我們將堅持以科學發展為主題、以加快轉變經濟發展方式為主線,深化改革開放,著力保障和改善民生,促進經濟長期平穩較快發展和社會和諧穩定。為此,中國將著重在以下幾個方面作出努力。

  深化經濟體制改革,改善商業投資環境。中國將按照轉變職能、理順關系、優化結構、提高效能的要求,加快建設法治政府和服務型政府,深化行政審批制度改革,減少政府對微觀經濟活動的幹預,健全制約和監督機制,推動政府服務朝著更加規范有序、高效便民、公開透明的方向發展。中國將加強自身投資環境建設,繼續優化公共服務和管理,不斷完善市場體系,為國內外投資者提供公平、穩定、透明的投資環境。

  大力發展綠色經濟,提高生態文明水平。中國堅持綠色、低碳發展理念,以節能減排為重點,增強可持續發展和應對氣候變化能力,提高生態文明水平。預計“十二五”時期,中國環保產業將繼續快速增長。2015年環保產業總產值有望超過2萬億元人民幣。2011年至2015年,中國環保投資將達3.1萬億元人民幣,較過去5年翻一番。中國將綠色產業和節能環保產業作為吸收和利用外資的重點領域,旺盛的綠色需求和優良的投資環境將為各國尤其是本地區企業提供廣闊市場和巨大投資機遇。

  加強知識產權保護,推進創新型國傢建設。中國高度重視知識產權保護,制定並實施國傢知識產權戰略,建立並不斷完善知識產權法律體系,加大知識產權執法力度、司法保護力度。中國將以知識產權保護為基礎,以自主創新、重點跨越為核心,大力提高科技創新能力,加快建立以企業為主體的技術創新體系。中國將積極推進創新型國傢建設,引進海外高層次創新人才,努力實現從中國制造向中國創造的轉變。

  提高對外開放水平,積極參與全球經濟治理和區域合作。中國將在更大范圍、更廣領域、更高層次上推進對外開放,實行更加積極主動的開放戰略,以開放促發展、促改革、促創新,繼續履行所作承諾和應盡義務。中國將堅持進口和出口並重,在穩定出口的同時更加註重擴大進口,堅持吸收外資和對外投資並重,在穩定和擴大吸收外資規模的同時更加註重中國企業到海外投資。中國將推動國際經濟體系改革,促進國際經濟秩序朝著更加公正合理的方向發展。中國將加強同主要經濟體宏觀經濟政策協調,在國際經濟金融組織中發揮更大作用。中國將加快實施自由貿易區戰略,加強同主要貿易夥伴的經濟聯系,深化同其他新興市場國傢和發展中國傢的務實合作。

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